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This December 2016 FAO note presents an overview on current gender equality and women’s empowerment issues in the fisheries sector. The engagement of women in fisheries can be seen from different perspectives, from social and political to economic and technical views; all these areas evidence that the role of women has been underestimated reports FAO.
Human dimensions must be considered in all formal fisheries regulations, policies and plans, and the gender perspective must be included in fisheries activities and development strategies. This requires proper organisation and involvement of women and men in identifying their needs and aspirations and in searching for solutions. As in other sectors, women’s empowerment in fisheries requires an examination of their means of production, gender relationships, and how to create equalities in their access to resources, services and employment opportunities. New institutional arrangements are being created as climate change, resource depletion, aquaculture development and global trade shape and re-shape the fisheries sector. These must ensure new opportunities for equitable resource access rights, access to markets, benefits from aquaculture and codes of conduct in the industry, especially for the most marginalized and poorest categories of men and women.
Future research is required to better understand women’s and men’s roles and relationships in the fisheries sector and to promote more sustainable and equitable fisheries development. Even after two decades of highlighting women’s roles in fisheries, comprehensive and accurate sex-disaggregated statistics are lacking, and this gap must be filled as the first step in gender mainstreaming at the policy level.
Find here recommendations to move forward: Promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in fisheries and aquaculture